Introduction to Uluru
Located in Alice Springs - the third largest city in Northern Territory, Australia, Uluru has captivated many visitors’ hearts with its raw but distinctive charm of the reddish-orange rock and the surrounding area. Despite its spectacular appearance, the majority of the mass is still being buried under the ground of Uluru. What humans are witnessing are the results of erosion from a million years ago.
Uluru is known by another name ‘Ayers Rock', which was taken after the Chief Secretary of South Australia when it was discovered in 1873. The name ‘Ayers Rock' was widely used until 1993 then being renamed to ‘Ayers Rock / Uluru’. Later in 2002, it was renamed ‘ Uluru / Ayers Rock’ to show respect to the Anangu people as well as the ownership of the land. Given that, you can refer to the landmark as ‘Uluru' or ‘Ayers Rock'. The locals will still only call it ‘Uluru'.
Uluru is also included in the UNESCO World Heritage Listing for its natural in 1987 and cultural values listing in 1997. The region is one of a few places recognized in duel listings.
Not just a landmark, Uluru also holds a significant meaning to Australian Indigenous culture.
The Anangu (pronounced: arn-ung-oo) people have been living in the region for more than a thousand years, way before the invasion of the Europeans in the 1800s. Because of that, the community holds a strong bond with Uluru and the area surrounding it. To the Anangu Dreamtime stories, Uluru was formed by 10 ancestral beings, with each feature of the rock carved by a certain ancestral spirit. The term ‘Dreamtime' refers to the period where life was created according to the Aboriginal culture. ‘Dreamtime' is the basis of Aboriginal lore and culture, through which all things in the natural world were created by ancestors or spiritual beings. When visiting Uluru, visitors will have a chance to listen to Dreamtime stories from the locals through different activities.
Shell, Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, Petermann, Northern Territory 0872, Australia