Introduction to Kg Lamunin Village

Kg Lamunin, and the neighbouring villages, is situated in Mukim Lamunin, Tutong district. It is an ideal destination for visitors who want to explore a village rich in culture and nature but has popular tourist sites. You can get various fresh forest resources every morning after early harvesting by the local villagers.

Although the village population and housing being dispersed widely, villagers are still able to recognise each other and are genuinely very friendly and approachable people. Even though, the villagers do not speak fluent English, they are willing to talk with foreign visitors by using other means of communications such hand gesture. 

In Kg Lamunin there are multiple ethnicity and backgrounds, due to intermarriage between 5 community groups, many of which decided to stay at Kg Lamunin once they had married from outside of their own community group. There are 5 community groups in Kg Lamunin where the majority population is Dusun Ethnic, the other community groups are Kedayan Ethnic, Tutong Ethnic, Iban Community and Chinese Community.

Kg Lamunin has previously recorded the initial dynamic migration of Kedayan community into Kg Lamunin. Since Kedayans like to move around, Brunei Darussalam in Tutong Districts and Kg Lamunin are one of the locations where their ancestors chose to reside. This can still be found to be true today, not just amongst the older generation. Bruneian Kedayan identities have changed after most Kedayan people chose embracing Islam and incorporated the Islamic values while maintaining the Kedayan ethnic culture and traditions that are not against the Islamic law. There were records of three types of Dusun ethnic; Upland Dusun community, Lowland Dusun Community and Coastal Dusun Community which indicate the majority population distribution of Dusun in Kg Lamunin.

Despite the influence of modernisation, residents in this village still manage to maintain the local traditional and cultural values. In fact, due to modernisation there is visible improvement in terms of the village development and the standard of living. This has helped them to live in harmony between people and nature, sustainably.

The general aging population tends to participate in more of the hands-on activities that are suited to their expertise, such as commercial agriculture, forest farming, handicrafts, fishing, hunting, foraging, gathering, rubber tapping, traditional food making, wood craving and machete making. Meanwhile, the independent population either assist the older generation on a daily basis while commuting to work in Tutong Town or in the major working districts. Alternatively, the youth population spend most of their days at school and accompanying their parents or relatives for other outdoor activities during free any time or holidays. It is common during the holiday or festive season, for people who originated from Tutong, but reside in the capital city, to return to their home town to meet family and friends.

Initially, homes that were closer to the river were preferred as it was easier to obtain resources for housing. Until recently, some people were still using wood which the locals obtain from the nearby forest. However, the road accessibility, modern infrastructure and materials have made the process of constructing houses easier and, in fact, there are local timber companies that can supply wood and other construction materials from the nearby hardware store. This, over time has been a benefit in reducing deforestation and forest disturbance.

Nowadays the housing around Kg Lamunin is not only near the river but sometimes closer to the dense forest, where some seek space for agriculture that is not prone to flooding.  Another reason today many people search for land in the higher ground is because of the climate which can cause more frequent flooding events than previously recorded. Extensive deforestation in certain upstream areas and hindrance of river water in the downstream region has caused devastating effects to the locals in the middle region of Tutong Districts such as Kg Lamunin.

Locals with traditional ecological knowledge managed to identify certain natural materials with a better tolerance. This can help protect them from being damaged by water, salinity, as well as biological damages by termites or aquatic organisms. Some locals  are experts in building houses that could withstand the effect of flood  water which indicates that the older generation are skilful and knowledgeable individuals who have been able to pass down their expertise to their descendants and apprentices. It is a testament to this that some of the traditional houses are still standing today or have lasted for more than a decade.

The Highway that connects Brunei-Muara District, Tutong District and Belait District also connects other urban areas. This has made more opportunities for the local residents in Kg Lamunin to seek employment, not only within the village but also to other districts further away.

There is no specific main occupation of the local in Kg Lamunin even though occasionally during their free time, they would do some farming and forest foraging as a side income. Activities to sustain their family standard of living are carried out and can include the selling of produce at the nearby stall or shop. Often, they sell at the popular Tutong Market that opens every Thursday on weekly, as people and tourists from around Brunei Darussalam are willing to travel to purchase fresh local products and ingredients. Otherwise, people will work fulltime away from the village if there is no available employment that is suited to the individual’s educational qualifications and/or years of experiences in certain skillsets, especially with an IT background.


Cultural Information

For those of you who like to immerse themselves in the culture of an area, you will be welcomed in this village, as you learn more of the family traditions and about the nature here from various tourist sites found around Kg Lamunin. The village has its own traditional dance that consists of local ethnic youth that always assists with cultural performances at Kg Lamunin. Performances are typically accompanied with traditional songs being played with traditional musical instruments such as Gongs, Gulingtangan, Gambus, biola, dombak and rebana during the ethnic festival event. If you are fortunate, there will be local villagers willing to bring you with them to help harvest some forest resources from their farm land. 


Top Tips for your stay in Kg Lamunin Village

Depending on how long you will be staying in the area, and the places that you would like to visit, we recommend you make contact for more details and to pre-book any accommodation, activities and meals. We suggest you arrange any transportation, prepare your itineraries to include enough time for you to explore.

Upon arrival, please follow the instructions or advice of each host and please behave appropriately and respectfully towards the community and the village. We wholeheartedly encourage you to support local businesses by purchasing products and souvenirs, sharing about your best experiences at the tourist sites. It goes without saying that visitors should not take important items from the community or leave anything unnecessary behind, at the tourist locations.

Visitors are advised to prepare their personal necessities such as First aid Kits, insect repellent, additional clothing or shoes, power banks, extension chargers, a portable fan and a camera to capture beautiful moments while travelling.


Transport to Kg Lamunin Village

It is roughly 50km from Bandar Seri Begawan and will be around a 1 hour drive, either by using the highway road or village road.


Getting around the area

People will either use car or motorcycle. Once in the area bicycles are relatively safe to use around Kg Lamunin for experienced cyclists. You can easily walk around the region, although we do recommend you seek advice and recommendations from the host of your accommodation, to get the best experience and for exploring the village. An option for vehicle rental or borrowing a car is not commonplace in the area.  There is just one gas station available in the region which is quite a distance from Kg Lamunin hence so visitors do need to plan with this in mind beforehand. Public buses do pass through the area sometimes to Tutong Town but do check with your host for the schedule and directions. Visitors also can seek recommendation from nearby tourist site hosts who can be found in Mukim Lamunin.


What’s good to eat in Kg Lamunin Village

If you would like to have a taste of Traditional Bruneian Cuisine, you can try to eat ambuyat, stirred fried wild fern, fried local fish, fried eggs, turmeric chicken, fresh herbs and vegetables, served with various condiment like belacan, young bamboo shoot sauce, membangan sauce and binjai sauce. Another signature popular dishes such as Butterfly Pea rice (Blue pea rice), Chicken Lemongrass skewer, Stir Fried Wild Fern, Papaya salad, Ginger Torch Prawn salad and, occasionally, they might serve seasonal dishes upon request e.g. Prawn durian dish, Young Bamboo Shoot salad, etc. accompanied with refreshing cold Butterfly pea drinks.

You can eat some traditional kueh Brunei (Brunei dessert or light snack) upon request. You can even experience making the food if you let them know in advance.

Additionally, please keep in mind that alcoholic beverages and non-halal food and drink is generally prohibited in every village in Brunei Darussalam.

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    Best things to do in Kg Lamunin Village

    People can visit the Kg Lamunin all year round since it is considered mostly the summer season. However, it is not recommended to travel during rainy season when risk of flooding is possible. After the monsoon period has passed, the fruiting season will arrive where many locals will start selling their fruit either from their garden, farm or plantation. Mukim Lamunin is especially well-known for their delectable and delicious Durian flavours and varieties. Some foreign tourist are willing to travel from afar just to taste these fruits which are grown in Mukim Lamunin.

    Visitors can experience the beautiful village’s natural landscape that can be seen all year round. Since the hiking community has grown rapidly, there is an abundance of hiking spots in Mukim Lamunin with various levels of difficulty and habitats. You can see pitch plants, lush forest cover, huge trees, streams, and plantations. Since the hiking trails are mostly located in least populated area, you could enjoy the forest serenity and soothing experience with wonderful views of flora and fauna if you observe closely. This will undoubtedly leave you with an impressive image of the untouched forest in Tutong District.

    If you prefer to do other activities, there are plenty of things to suit all fitness levels and ages, here are some of the popular activities:

    Explore Tasek Merimbun: One of ASEAN’s Heritage Parks which became home to the largest natural lake in all of Brunei Darussalam. The adventurous wildlife enthusiasts will be thrilled to explore the various diversity of flora and fauna as exotic species have been sighted here. You also can visit “Taman Kulimambang” (Butterfly Garden) to get to see a great number of butterfly species in a sun filled enclosure with different varieties of plants to keep them happy. For more details, check their Instagram @tasekmerimbun

    Visit the Deer Farm: either for educational purpose or vacation with family and friends, you can interact with herds of friendly deer in Lamunin while feeding them food. We can also find buffalo and fish in the deer farm too. For more details, check their Instagram @ls_deerfarm

    Harvesting Stingless Bee Honey: Stingless bees found at Tasbee Meliponiculture Farm freely lives symbiotically to produce “Kelulut Honey” while the caretaker provides homes, either by using wooden boxes or empty ones for habitats. Visitors can harvest the honey themselves with the container provided. Other products such as honey soaps, candles, etc. can be purchased here. They also open a mini gallery to educate people more about the Tasbee Meliponiculture Farm and the busy home-grown bee colonies. For more details, check their Instagram @tasbeehjmamit

    Historical and Cultural exchange: Homestay Alai Gayoh Anak Pulau (HAGAP), Dusun’s long house which is built on a calm lagoon overseeing much of Bukit Udal’s scenic greeneries, has the opportunity for you to immerse yourself into the Dusun culture and watch them perform the live dance. For more details, check their Instagram @alaigayohagap.

    Lamin Warisan, a vintage house that turned in to a museum for the preservation of Tutong’s culture and ethnic records will give you more information about the village. For more details, check their Instagram @Lamin Warisan.

    You also can visit Lamin Kampung, a house dedicated to preserving Brunei’s cultural heritage and past traditions. Visitors can bring out their inner craftsmanship by making handicrafts such as coconut bowls and the V-shaped bamboo sticks known as candas. Pangkalan Waris are connected with Lamin Kampung and have resting room where visitors can stay overnight or spend more time doing the hands-on activities with the craftsmen or fishing at the provided fishing hut space. For more details, check their Instagram @pangkalanwaris

    The main objective is to maintain the relevancy of introducing the culture and history of each ethnic group despite the influence of modernisation and globalisation to the youth, foreigners or people who want to explore more about Brunei Darussalam. Both Tourist sites offer various cultural activities and respective ethnic cuisine if you like to spend the day with family and friends.

    Tutong Thursday Market visit: Local and tourist alike will be excited to visit Tutong Thursday Market. Open from 6am to 12 pm, people can find various local resources that can’t be found elsewhere, bargain worthy handicraft products such as rattan hand-woven baskets and various delicious local cuisines. The price ranges are relatively affordable for fresh resources foraged from the forest, especially during fruit season between September to November.

    Experience Local Fusion Cuisine: When visiting Tutong, you should at least try dining at Eco Ponies Garden with their concepts of Bidasari Kitchen Hideout. You could enjoy feasting on delightful fusion dishes that will be prepared by the local community using local resources surrounded by a wonderful garden and forest, filled with various flora and fauna. The friendly community also can accommodate dishes with various dietary requirements if you let them know your restrictions. For more details, check their Instagram @eco_poniesgarden “Parang” 

    Preserve the traditional skills of ‘Parang’ making – the Malay machete; a traditional tool and weapon that has been made for survival for centuries. With a highly skilled technical craftsmanship involving blacksmithing (blade making) and woodworking (the handle & wooden sheath), you can now learn the different skills to make your own Parang with @kommunihub_bn Parang making class at 7RKN and sharpen your survival skills!